In contrast to gold and silver, investing in real estate gives you a tangible asset that generates income – rents or, in the case of agricultural property, crops, which can be sold for income. The beauty of an income-producing asset is that it unlocks part of your investment every year. You're then free to spend your income if you wish, or to reinvest it any way you like. With non-income-producing investments, you're locked in for the duration, for better or worse.
What's more, because the income produced by investing in real estate tends to rise with inflation, the value of the underlying property also rises over time. Among all the "tangibles," investing in real estate comes closest to letting you have your cake and eat it, too.
Through the years, I've known many investors who have enjoyed excellent returns on real estate they personally owned and managed. If you're a hands-on individual, direct investing in property is still a great a way to build (or increase) a fortune.
However, most of us lack the time, energy or skills to be landlords. For us, it makes more sense to invest indirectly in property through real estate investment trusts (REITs).
By pooling the resources of many investors, REITs can hire top-notch professional management and acquire large, diversified portfolios of property. Thanks to their special legal status, REITs also save on taxes. A REIT is required to pass along the vast bulk of its taxable income to you, the shareholder, in the form of dividends. In so doing, the REIT basically eliminates corporate income tax.
Even though REITs are, at bottom, real estate, share prices for publicly traded REITs (those listed on the NYSE or other stock exchanges) often feel the tug of broader equity market trends. From March 2009 until last spring, REITs rode the crest of Wall Street's bull market. The average property-owning REIT more than tripled over that span.
Since May 2013, however, REITs have undergone a severe "correction." As we speak, the MSCI U.S. REIT Index stands 18% below its 52-week high.
In essence, REITs have followed the bond market down. At some point soon, though, I believe investors will wake up and realize that REITs aren't bonds. If the economy is truly improving, as the optimists insist, landlords will be able to raise rents, perhaps at a faster pace than before. REITs' cash flow will increase, ultimately making the shares more valuable.
For instant exposure to the whole gamut of REITs, there's no better vehicle than Vanguard REIT Index ETF (VNQ). As the name implies, the Vanguard fund is designed to mimic the MSCI U.S. REIT Index–and VNQ does a nearly perfect job of it. Over the past three years (through December 31, 2013), the fund's return at net asset value has trailed the index by only 0.07% annually. That's a resounding tribute to Vanguard's frugal and effective management.
With 126 stocks in its portfolio, VNQ offers you ample diversification. Current yield, based on the past four quarterly distributions: 4%. Note that most of your dividend will be taxed as ordinary income. Accordingly, I suggest tucking VNQ into your tax-sheltered retirement account if you can.
Yours for Profitable Investing,
Richard E. Band
Richard E. Band is the newsletter world's #1 authority on investing for low-risk growth. His flagship Total Return Portfolio has grown sixfold since its inception in 1990, while taking far less risk than the popular stock market index funds. More »
Richard, even though I'd 'traded' with brokers and traded brokers before I subscribed with you, I owe everything to you back about 1991 when I had left my job and was intrigued by the ticker tape, and I subscribed to Profitable Investing and followed your advice—i.e., buy Mobil and McDonald's and Cathay Pacific Airlines, PG I think, and many others I can't recall, and I kept a handwritten ledger of buys and sells, recommended you to various people and my sons, because you gave me the confidence to buy and sell and make profit, I think in all the stocks I bought back then. You also taught us about stops and I especially liked that you told us in which accounts were best to have the different kinds of investments. I learned; my husband didn't. I remember you recommended Buckeye Partners way back and I held it for years. That got me started on MLPs! I told my husband last year that you were the best advisor because you were conservative, and so this year he's invested with you—he's in some of your recommended bond funds. He's 82 and I'm 73 and finally learned to be conservative and I love dividend payers. He now understands that concept, too, which was foreign to him years ago. (Now, if I can learn to tell him NO when he wants to put stops on MY MLPs, which I can't get back into because they went up.)
–D. Dunn, Inverness, Florida